Fourth Council of the Lateran in 1215, convoked by Pope Innocent III, This was the twelfth ecumenical council and is sometimes called the “Great Council” or “General Council of Lateran” due to the presence of seventy-one patriarchs and metropolitan bishops, four hundred and twelve bishops, and nine hundred abbots and priors together with representatives of several monarchs.

Brabant ordered in his will that all Jews be driven out if they were unwilling to give … And dictated that Jews must always wear the special hat prescribed for them, …


Prohibitions against Jews included Christians dining or dancing with Jews and buying meat from them, and pay tithes to the Church. Jews were not to visit baths or inns owned by Christians, or employ Christian servants in their homes, hold public offices, dispute with simple Christians about religion or attempt to entice them to the Jewish faith, or treat sick Christians. The bishops of the Catholic Church were required to punish by excommunication any princes or officials who would not enforce decrees.