Nazi/Vatican Salute

The Salute to Rome

Hitler Salute

A former Roman salute. – Winkler (2009) p. 2  It became popular in Germany around 1900.


Mussolini salute to Rome

Italy is 90% Catholic.

France and Hitler salute to Rome

Hitler and his ally Franco who was an iron fist dictator for 36 years.

Spain is 90% Catholic.

Oath of Horaces

Jacques-Louis David’s painting Oath of the Horatii (1784) seems to be the starting point for the gesture that became known as the Roman salute.  The gesture and its identification with ancient Rome was advanced in other French neoclassic art.  This was further elaborated upon in popular culture during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in plays and films that portrayed the salute as an ancient Roman custom.

Bishops saluteVatican saluteclergy salutedagger salute

Spain salutes RomeSpain salutes Rome


American Kids salute Romeclassrooms salute Rome


Iron Cross