The Crucifixion

The Crucifixion

Crucifixion
Crucifixion

Crucifixion

Cruci-"Fiction"

------> Crucifiction Timeline ----->

Pilate starts Crucifixion 

14 Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover (Friday). It was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”   John 19:14

16 Then Pilate handed him over to be crucified, and they took Jesus away.    John 19:16

Jesus was crowned with thorns, Jesus walked a long way to skull hill carrying his cross, the Roman soldiers nailed him to the cross, cross was raised, Jesus was on the cross for three?? hours .... and he died before sunset.

34 At three o’clock, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, eloi, lema sabachthani?” (which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”)    Mark 15:34

46 About three o’clock, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eli, eli, lema sabachthani?”, which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”     Matt 27:46

Jesus was God ... he should have known why he forsakened himself !!!

Jesus died before sunset Friday afternoon (before start of Sabbath)

31 Since it was the Preparation Day, the Jewish leaders did not want to leave the bodies on the crosses during the Sabbath, because that was a particularly important Sabbath.  John 19:31

Wait ... Didn't Jesus Eat the Passover Meal with his Disciples on Passover Day???

12 On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lamb is sacrificed, Jesus’ disciples asked him, “Where do you want us to go and make preparations for you to eat the Passover meal?”   Mark 14:12

17 On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, the disciples approached Jesus and asked, “Where do you want us to make preparations for you to eat the Passover meal?”     Matt 26:17

Then the day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread came, on which the Passover lamb was to be sacrificed. So Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover meal.”     Luke 22:7-8

19 The disciples did as Jesus had told them and prepared the Passover meal. 20 When it was evening, Jesus and the twelve disciples sat down to eat. 21 During the meal Jesus said, “I tell you, one of you will betray me.”      Matt 26:19-21

What??? The Clock Rolls Back to get the Crucifixion Events In ???

God's word says Jesus was crucified Friday mid-morning (9 AM);

25 And it was the third hour when they crucified him.      Mark 15:25

Jesus was crowned with thorns, Jesus walked a long way to skull hill carrying his cross, the Roman soldiers nailed him to the cross, cross was raised ... all this before 9 AM

Evidently Jesus hung on the cross from the third hour (9 AM) to 12 noon (three hours) then the darkness started and lasted another 3 hours to the 9th hour or 3 PM when he "gave up his spirit" (to himself-god).

And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.    Matt 27:50

Jesus-god-in-the-flesh Can’t Count

In Matthew Chapter 12 the Pharisees asked Jesus for a sign. He answered that like Jonah being in the stomach of a whale, so shall he be in the earth three days and three nights.

As for Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale, so shall the son of man (Didn't God write that Jesus was the Son of God) be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.     Matthew 12:30-4

Dankness fell from sixth hour to the ninth hour.  Jesus died around the 9th hour or 3PM.

45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.    Matt 27:45

44 It was now about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour,    Luke 23:44

33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.     Mark 15:33

Dead Jesus was taken off the cross Friday afternoon before sunset.

After the Sabbath, at dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to look at the tomb.       Matthew 28:1

Mary Magdalene and the other Mary(???) rested on the Sabbath as seen above in Matthew 28:1

Jesus was allegedly resurrected Sunday morning at dawn.

After the Sabbath, at dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to look at the tomb. Matthew 28:1

Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance. John 20:1

   Conclusion = NOT "three" days ...  and NOT "three" nights.

John says; Not even Two full days and not even Two complete nights!!!

Early on the first day of the week [Sunday], while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance. John 20:1.

Matthew, Mark, & Luke say not even two full days; dawn after the Sabbath

After the Sabbath, at dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to look at the tomb.   Matthew 28:1

Very early on the first day of the week, when the sun had just come up, they were going to the tomb.     Mark 16:2

24 But at early dawn on the first day of the week, they went to the tomb, taking the spices they had prepared.     Luke 24:1

With Jesus eating the Passover meal with his disciples at the start of the Sabbath ... this whole story gets to the level of a miracle to believe it ....

 

HOW​?

Christians state the the PROOF of Jesus being the “son of god”, a deity, is the story about his resurrection from the dead.  The Christian credibility and veracity is based on the facts of the story of Jesus having “risen.”  In their New Testament, which they claim is the  “Word of God”, they even refer to the resurrection in a verse saying,

“For as yet they did not know the Scripture that he [Jesus] must again rise from the dead,”  John 20:9.

However there is NO such Scripture in the Torah (the Old Testament), the Books of the Prophets, or anything anywhere else even closely resembling that statement.  But it sure sounds good to people who blindly believe.

Was Jesus taken to Caiaphas or Annas first?

Caiaphas

And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.       Matthew 26:57

And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.      Mark 14:53

Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house.       Luke 22:54

Annas

And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.       John 18:13

When did Jesus receive his beating?

Before Pilate ordered his crucifixion.

And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.
...
Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.     John 19:2-3, 16

After Pilate ordered his crucifixion.

Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.      Matthew 27:26

And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified.      Mark 15:15

1  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to which day Jesus was crucified on.

A  Day Before Passover

On the day before Passover, the fourteenth day of Nissan.  John 13:1, 13:29, 18:28, 19:14

B  First Day of Passover

On the first day of Passover, the fifteenth day of Nissan  Mark 14:17-25, Luke 22:14-23, Matthew 26:20-30

2  The “Word of Go​d” is uncertain as to what time Jesus was crucified.

A  The Third hour, 9 AM

 It was nine in the morning when they crucified him.     Mark 15:25  NIV

B  The Sixth hour, 12 PM Noon

And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour; and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your king. . . . Shall I crucify your king?     John 19:14, 15

C.  The Nineth hour, 3 PM

34 And at three in the afternoon Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” (which means “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”).     Mark 15:33

The “Word of God” is uncertain as to who carried the cross to Golgatha prior to the crucifixion.

A  Jesus himself

Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha).   John 19:17

B  Simon, a Cyrenian

A certain man from Cyrene, Simon, the father of Alexander and Rufus,was passing by on his way in from the country, and they forced him to carry the cross.    Mark 15:21

 As they were going out, they met a man from Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry the cross.    Matthew 27:32

As the soldiers led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus.     Luke 23:26

4  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to whether the two crucified with Jesus believed in Jesus.

A  One did.

And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him. . . . But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost thou not fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?    Luke 23:39-41

B  Neither believed in him.

In the same way the rebels who were crucified with him also heaped insults on him.  Matthew 27:44

5  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to what were the last words of Jesus.

A  “It is finished”

When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.     John 19:30

B  “Eloi, Eloi, lama shabachthani

   (translated is “My God, My God, why have You forsaken me?”)

And at three in the afternoon Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” (which means “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”)     Mark 15:34

About three in the afternoon Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eli, Eli,[a]lema sabachthani?” (which means “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”).     Matthew 27:46

C  “Father, into Your hands I commit my spirit.”

 Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.”[a] When he had said this, he breathed his last.     Luke 23:46

Blood and Water from a Dead Body???

But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.     John 19:34

and, as another scripture says, "They will look on the one they have pierced."      John 19:37

Not Possible!!!

ICC New Testament Commentary says that a flow of blood from a dead body, when pierced with a spear, is abnormal and for that reason, various physical explanations have been offered. One suggestion (W. Stroud) is that the death of Jesus had been caused by rupture of the heart, and that the “blood and water” were the separated clot and serum of the escaped blood in the pericardial sac, which the lance had pierced. The commentary says this assumes that the wound was on the left side, of which there is no evidence, tradition (whatever it be worth) indicating the right side. Furthermore, Stroud’s arguments have not approved themselves to all physicians. Dr. C. Creighton (and others) object that “the blood escaping into a serum cavity from rupture of a great organ” does not show any tendency to separate into clot and serum, “but remains thick dark-red blood.” On the basis of expert advice, this does not seem a plausible explanation for what John describes.

It was Only Symbolic???

Michael R. Cosby (Portraits of Jesus, page 185) says that the attempts by some modern doctors to provide physiological explanations for how water could be separated from the blood in Jesus' heart are no doubt sincere, but they fail to recognize the symbolic nature of the witness in John 19:34-37.

Another "Gnostic" Explanation

Elizabeth Danna (From Gethsemane to Pentecost, page 95) believes that this account was included by John's author to counter an emerging Gnostic tradition that Jesus was not crucified in the flesh, it being only a phantom of Jesus that appeared to be on the cross. An alternative theological explanation is also provided in this answer.

What Did the Sign that was put on the Cross Say?

THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS

And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.       Matthew 27:37

THE KING OF THE JEWS

And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.       Mark 15:26

THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS

And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.       Luke 23:38

JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS

And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.            John 19:19

My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? ... Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. Matthew 27:46-50

Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit.

And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. Luke 23:46

It is finished.

When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. John 19:30

What did the Soldiers give Jesus to Drink?

Vinegar and gall

They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall.    Matthew 27:34

Wine and myrrh

They gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh.    Mark 15:23

Vinegar

And one ran and filled a spunge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.     Mark 15:36

And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar.     Luke 23:36

Vinegar and hyssop

Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.     John 19:29

Who Carried  Jesus' Cross?

Jesus carried his own cross.

And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull.    John 19:17

Simon the Cyrenian carried Jesus's cross.

And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.    Matthew 27:32

And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.     Mark 15:21

And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.     Luke 23:26

Did Both Thieves Revile Jesus? 

Both thieves reviled Jesus.

And they that were crucified with him reviled him.     Mark 15:32

The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.      Matthew 27:44

Only one thief reviled Jesus.

And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.       Luke 23:39-42

What Color was Jesus' Robe

Scarlet

And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.     Matthew 27:28

Purple

And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head.      Mark 15:17

And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe.     John 19:2

Who Put the Robe on Jesus

Herod's soldiers

And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. Luke 23:11

Pilate's soldiers

Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.       Matthew 27:27-28

And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified. And they clothed him with purple.        Mark 15:15-17

Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him. And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe.        John 19:1-2

What did the Centurion call Jesus when he died?

The Son of God.

And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.      Mark 15:39

Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.     Matthew 27:54

A righteous man.

Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.      Luke 23:47

 Where did the women watching the crucifixion stand?

They stood far away.

And many women were there beholding afar off.     Matthew 27:55

There were also women looking on afar off.      Mark 15:40

And the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.      Luke 23:49

They stood near the cross.

Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.      John 19:25

Who Buried Jesus? 

Joseph of Arimathaea

When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.     Matthew 27:57-60

Joseph of Arimathaea ... took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre.      Mark 15:43-46

Joseph ... of Arimathaea ... took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre.      Luke 23:50-53

Joseph of Arimathaea and Nicodemus

Joseph of Arimathaea ... took the body of Jesus. And there came also Nicodemus.... Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. There laid they Jesus....      John 19:38-42

The Jews and their rulers

For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled them in condemning him. And though they found no cause of death in him, yet desired they Pilate that he should be slain. And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took him down from the tree, and laid him in a sepulchre.       Acts 13:27-29

When did the Temple curtain tear?

Before Jesus died.

And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.     Luke 23:45-46

After Jesus died.

Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent.      Matthew 27:50-51

And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost. And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom.       Mark 15:37-38

 Did Jesus drink on the cross?

Yes

Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth. When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.       John 19:29-30

No

And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not.      Mark 15:23

They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.      Matthew 27:34

 

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