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Birth of Jesus

birth of jesus

The Birth of Jesus

 

1  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to if Mary was legally married to Joseph (she had an affair and was impregnated by “the holy spirit” remember).

A   No.    It was the betrothal time (engagement period).

27 to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.     Luke 1:27

This was the period after the Erusin ceremony (something of value was given in the presence of witnesses as a binding commitment to be married within a year at the Nisuin ceremony (Ketuba signed and chupa).  They did not cohabitate and the laws of adultery applied.

B   Yes.

Because Joseph her husband was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly.     Matthew 1:19

According to Matthew, the “Holy Spirit” committed adultery!!!  According to Luke, Mary was an unwed mother.

 

2  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to what city Mary and Joseph were living before Jesus was born.

A   Nazareth. 

26 In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, 27 to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David.      Luke 1:26

4 So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David.     Luke 2:4

B  Bethlehem   

2 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,     Matthew 2:1

16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men.    Matthew 2:16

3  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to who an angel appeared to with the announcement of the birth of Jesus.

A   To shepherds in the flesh.  

15 When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, “Let’s go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.”     Luke 2:15

B   To Joseph in a dream.  

13 When they had gone, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. “Get up,” he said, “take the child and his mother and escape to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you, for Herod is going to search for the child to kill him.”     Matthew 2:13

 

4  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to if a Roman Census affected Joseph and Mary.

A   Yes.  Had to leave their home in Nazareth and go to Bethlehem. 

2 (This was the first census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria.)

4 So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David.     Luke 2:2-4

B   No.   Already living in Bethlehem.  The wise men came to Bethlehem (the “star” led them). 

2 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,      Matthew 2:1 

Yet Matthew also says “he shall be a Nazarene.” Matthew 2:23.  

 

5  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to how long Mary & Joseph lived in Bethlehem.

A   Two years.  Herod gave orders to kill all boys in Bethlehem under the age of two because of what he had learned from the Magi.  They had to flee to Egypt.  

16 When Herod realized that he had been outwitted by the Magi, he was furious, and he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had learned from the Magi.     Matthew 2:16

B   Forty days.  Mary & Joseph were living in Nazareth and went to Bethlehem for the Roman census.

So when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, their own city, Nazareth.   Luke 2:39

 

6  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to whether Mary was required to travel to Jerusalem to register for the Roman census.

A   Yes.  

4 So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David.

5 He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child.      Luke 2:4-5

B   No.  

According to Roman Law. Joachem Heremias, Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus, pg 87

The deaf, insane, minors, neuters, hemaphrodites, women, slaves, the lame, the blind, the sick, the very old, and those who cannot walk up to the Temple Mount with their own feet, were exempt from the Roman census.

 

7  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to whether Joseph was required to register for the Roman census.

A   Yes. 

1 In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world. 

2 (This was the first census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria.) 3 And everyone went to their own town to register.     Luke 2:1-3

B   No.  

According to Roman Law, the Roman census only applied to Roman provinces.  Nazareth was not in a Roman province.  It was a kingdom ruled by King Herod.  Further Roman censuses only applied to those who owned property.  Mary and Joseph had to stay in a manger.

 

8  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to what year Jesus was born.

A   4 B.C.E. or before.  (born during reign of King Herod who died 4 B.C.E.).  

2 After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod,      Matthew 2:1

B   After 6 C.E.   (year of the Roman Census – Antiquities 18:1:1,  Jewish Wars 7:8:1) Josephus  The Census of Quirinus occurred in 6 C.E.  according to Historian Josephus.

1 In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world.

2 (This was the first census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria.)    Luke 2:1-2

The Herod that is referred to here is Herod the Great, as is made clear in Luke 2:22, which refers to Herod's son, Archalaus. Since Herod the Great died in 4 BCE, this dates Jesus's birth to no later than that year. But the gospel of Luke (2:2) says that Cyrenius (Quirinius) was governor of Syria when Mary was pregnant with Jesus.  Quirinius was appointed governor in 6 CE.

We know then that Jesus was born sometime before 4 BCE and sometime after 6 CE – which makes his birth a truly miraculous event.

22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning in Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. Having been warned in a dream, he withdrew to the district of Galilee,     Luke 2:22

 

9  The “Word of God” is uncertain as to Jesus whether Jesus went to Egypt or NOT.

A  Yes.  

When he arose he took the young child and his mother by night and departed into Egypt, and was there until the death of Herod. . . .

But when Herod was dead, . . . he took the young child and his mother and came . . . and dwelt in a city called Nazareth. (Matt. 2:14, 15, 19, 21, 23.)

B  No.  

And when the days of her purification, according to the law of Moses, were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord. . . . And when they had performed all things, according to the law of the Lord they returned . . . to their own city, Nazareth. (Luke 2:22, 39.)

10 The “Word of God” is uncertain as to Jesus being born in a House or in a Manger

Manger

7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.     Luke 2:7

House

11 And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense and myrrh.     Matthew 2:11